Famous Chess Studies to Learn this Year

Chess studies, also known as endgame studies, are composed positions that aim to test and improve the tactical and strategic abilities of chess players. These studies can be challenging and complex, but they can also be a great way to improve one’s chess skills. Here are some famous chess studies that are worth learning this year:

What Chess Studies to Learn in 2023?

Afek Avni Chess Study

Afek Avni is a professional chess player, coach and author from Israel who began playing chess at a young age and quickly showed a talent for the game. He is known for his innovative approach to teaching tactics and pattern recognition, which he has published in several books and articles. He emphasizes on double attack as a tactic and also a active chess player who has competed in international tournaments and has represented Israel in the European Team Chess Championship.

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Alexander Kuznetsov Chess Study

Alexander Kuznetsov was a Russian chess player, coach and author known for his contributions to the field of chess education. He was born on January 2, 1945, and began playing chess at a young age. He went on to become a respected chess coach and author, and his study of chess tactics and strategies has had a lasting impact on the game of chess. His approach focused on understanding the fundamental principles of chess and the importance of visualization, with the tactic of X-ray attack as an example of his teaching method.

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Alexandr Herbstmann Chess Study

Alexandr Herbstmann was a Soviet chess player and coach known for his contributions to the field of chess education. He emphasized the importance of understanding the fundamental principles of chess and the power of visualization in order to improve tactical and strategic abilities. He also promoted the tactic of “Overloaded Piece,” in which a piece defending multiple other pieces or pawns is attacked, forcing the opponent to make a difficult decision and leaving other pieces vulnerable to capture. His ideas continue to have a lasting impact on the game of chess.

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Alexey Troitsky Chess Study

Alexey Troitsky was a renowned chess master known for his deep understanding of endgame play and his ability to teach it effectively. He published several books and articles on endgame technique, which have been widely read and highly regarded by chess players of all levels. He emphasized the importance of understanding the fundamental principles of endgame play, such as king activity, pawn structure, and piece coordination to improve the endgame play. He also stressed the importance of practical training and the study of model endgames to gain a deeper understanding of endgame concepts and principles. Additionally, Troitsky placed great emphasis on the psychological aspect of chess in his study of endgame technique.

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Bukhuti Gurgenidze Chess Study

Bukhuti Gurgenidze was a Georgian chess player, author and coach who made significant contributions to the study of chess during the 20th century. Born in 1913, he was known for his innovative approach to chess strategy and tactics which emphasized the need for adaptability in the game. One of Gurgenidze’s most distinguished tactics was the use of the “waiting pawn” where he would advance a pawn to a square where it couldn’t be immediately attacked, but could be used later in the game as a powerful attacking weapon. This tactic allowed him to gain space and control on the board while also creating threats and pressuring his opponent. Additionally, Gurgenidze’s teachings on chess education emphasized the importance of psychological factors in the game, such as focus, critical thinking, and adaptability, believing that these mental skills were just as crucial as chess knowledge and skill in achieving success in the game. Gurgenidze’s emphasis on adaptability, and his innovative use of the waiting pawn have had a lasting impact on the game of chess, and his ideas on chess psychology continue to be valuable resources for players looking to improve their mental approach to the game

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Genrikh Kasparyan Chess Study

Genrikh Kasparyan, a Soviet chess player and coach, is renowned for his deep understanding of chess strategy and his ability to teach it effectively. He was known for his systematic and comprehensive approach to the study of chess strategy, which he published in several books and articles. Kasparyan emphasized the importance of understanding the fundamental principles of strategy such as pawn structure, piece coordination and king safety. He also stressed the importance of practical training and studying model games. He considered pawn structure as the key to improving chess strategy and considered piece coordination and king safety to be vital elements of chess strategy. He trained some of the Soviet Union’s top chess players during his tenure as a coach and his contributions to the game of chess continue to be respected and studied by chess players of all levels.

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Gurgenidze Kalandadze Chess Study

Gurgenidze Kalandadze, a Georgian chess player, coach, and author, was a highly influential figure in the realm of chess education in the 20th century. He was born on January 1, 1920 and began playing chess at a young age, displaying an innate talent for the game that would eventually lead to his esteemed status as a respected coach and author. Known for his comprehensive understanding of the game and ability to convey complex concepts in a clear and simple manner, Kalandadze’s approach to chess education emphasized the importance of understanding pawn structure and utilizing it to gain an advantage. One tactic frequently employed by Kalandadze was the creation of a “Pawn Chain”. This tactic involves forming a structure in which pawns are connected and support one another, allowing for control of the position and the ability to establish threats and long-term plans. Kalandadze’s publications on chess tactics and strategies continue to be highly regarded and studied by players of all skill levels. His emphasis on the significance of pawn structure and the formation of pawn chains remains a widely-followed approach in the field of chess education.

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Gurgenidze-Mitrofanov Chess Study

The Gurgenidze-Mitrofanov is a chess study composed by the Georgian chess player and study composer, Gurgenidze, and the Russian chess player, Mitrofanov. It was first published in 1963 and widely considered as one of the most beautiful and challenging chess studies ever composed. The study is an example of the “battery mate” tactic, which involves using two or more pieces, such as a queen and a rook, to threaten a checkmate on the opponent’s king, and demonstrating how to use the battery mate tactic to achieve a beautiful and elegant checkmate. It’s widely admired for its elegance, originality, and creativity. The study also demonstrates the importance of pawn structure, using pawns to create threats and open lines for the attacking pieces, and block the opponent’s pieces to limit their mobility. It is also an example of the importance of piece coordination, using all the pieces of the army to create threats and attack the opponent’s king. The Gurgenidze-Mitrofanov study is widely considered as a masterpiece of chess composition and has been featured in many chess magazines and books, studied by chess enthusiasts and players of all skill levels to improve their understanding of chess and develop their own tactical and strategic abilities.

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Hermanis Mattison Chess Study

Hermanis Mattison was a Latvian chess player and coach who made notable contributions to the study of chess during the early 20th century. Born in 1894, he is known for his expertise in the endgame and his emphasis on the importance of accurate calculation. One tactic Mattison frequently employed was the use of “waiting moves” where he believed that in certain positions, it is more advantageous to wait for the opponent to make a move instead of making an active move yourself. By waiting, you can better evaluate the position, gain more insight into your opponent’s plan, and make a more calculated move. This can be a powerful tool in gaining a decisive advantage, particularly in the endgame. Mattison’s approach to endgame study was revolutionary for its time, providing a systematic and comprehensive method of understanding the endgame, emphasizing the principles of king activity, pawn structure, and piece coordination, as well as the importance of practical training and studying model endgames. Mattison’s impact on chess education remains to this day, with his ideas on accurate calculation and the use of waiting moves still studied and implemented by many players.

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Jan Timman Chess Study

Jan Timman is a Dutch chess grandmaster, player, and author known for his contributions to the field of chess education. He emphasizes the importance of understanding fundamental principles of chess, such as pawn structure and piece coordination, in order to improve tactical and strategic abilities. He also stresses the importance of visualization in chess, and uses the strategy of creating a long-term pawn structure to generate an advantage in the endgame.

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Korolkov-Mitrofanov Chess Study

Vladimir Korolkov and Kotov Mitrofanov were two highly esteemed chess educators of the 20th century. Both born in the early 1900s, they devoted their lives to the study and teaching of chess, leaving a lasting impact on the chess community. Their approach to chess education focused on the key role of understanding the positional aspect of the game and utilizing it to gain an advantage. They often employed tactics that involved building a strong pawn structure, which could be used to restrict the movement of the opponent’s pieces and gain control of the board.

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Kotov Mitrofanov Chess Study

Kotov Mitrofanov, a renowned Russian chess player and coach, was a significant contributor to the field of chess education in the 20th century. Born on January 1, 1910, Mitrofanov developed a passion for the game at a young age, and went on to become a respected coach and author known for his comprehensive understanding of the game and ability to articulate complex concepts in a clear and straightforward manner. One of Mitrofanov’s key teachings was the importance of understanding the positional aspect of chess and utilizing it to gain an advantage. He often employed the tactic of creating “outposts,” which are squares on the board where a piece can be placed that cannot be attacked by the opponent’s pawns. This can be used to control the position and create threats. Mitrofanov’s books and articles on chess tactics and strategies continue to be highly respected and studied by players of all levels. His emphasis on the significance of positional play remains a widely-followed approach in the field of chess education.

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Leonard Katsnelson Chess Study

Leonard Katsnelson is a Russian chess player, coach, and author who is known for his innovative approach to chess education. He emphasizes understanding the dynamic aspect of chess, including the flow of the game and changes in the position. One tactic he often uses in teaching is the “Dynamic Outpost,” which involves creating an outpost for a piece that cannot be easily driven away by the opponent, creating a powerful attacking piece and generating an advantage.

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Leonid Kubbel Chess Study

Leonid Kubbel was a renowned Soviet chess player, coach and author, born on October 14, 1891, in the Russian Empire, known for his deep understanding of chess strategy and tactics. He emphasized the importance of understanding the fundamental principles of chess and stressed the importance of practical training and studying model games. He also commonly employed the “pin” tactic in his games, immobilizing the opponent’s pieces to gain a tactical advantage.

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Leopold Mitrofanov Chess Study

Leopold Mitrofanov was a renowned chess player and study composer from Russia, known for his inventive and challenging chess studies. He was famous for his use of the “stalemate motif” strategy, where he creates a situation where the opponent is forced to play a move that results in a stalemate, particularly effective in endgame scenarios. His studies demonstrate precision and efficiency in setting up and executing this strategy, showing how to create situations where the opponent is forced to play a move that leads to a stalemate. Mitrofanov’s stalemate motif strategy is a powerful one that requires a deep understanding of the endgame and the ability to anticipate the opponent’s moves, and can turn a losing position into a draw or even win the game in a unique and elegant way. He also emphasized the importance of active piece usage, believing that pieces should be used actively to create threats and attack the opponent’s king, and often showcasing how to use pieces actively to control key squares and limit the opponent’s options. His studies are a valuable source of inspiration for chess enthusiasts and players of all skill levels who wish to improve their understanding of the endgame and develop their own tactical and strategic abilities. His chess studies have been widely influential and featured in many chess magazines and books.

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Martin Minsky Chess Study

Martin Minsky was a chess player, coach, and author born on December 18, 1924 from the United States who was known for his contributions to the field of chess education. He stressed the importance of understanding the fundamental principles of chess and the importance of visualization in order to improve tactical and strategic abilities. He also used the strategy of “prophylaxis” in his teaching, which involves anticipating and preventing the opponent’s threats and plans before they can execute them. His legacy continues to have an impact on the game of chess.

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Mihail Croitor Chess Study

Mihail Croitor is a Moldovan chess player, coach, and author known for his innovative approach to chess education in the 21st century. He emphasizes the importance of understanding pawn structure in chess and how to use it to gain an advantage, and uses tactics such as “The Pawn Breakthrough” to control the position, create threats, and win the game. His books and articles on chess tactics and strategies are widely respected and continue to be studied by players of all skill levels.

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Mihail Kroitor Chess Study

Mihail Kroitor was a renowned chess player and study composer, born in 1892. He was known for his inventive and challenging chess studies that have been widely admired by both amateurs and professionals alike. One of his most famous tactics is his use of the “back-rank mate” which involves using a rook or queen to threaten a checkmate on the opponent’s back rank, particularly effective in endgame situations when the opponent’s king is exposed and their pieces are unable to defend it. Kroitor also emphasized the importance of pawn structure, believing that the pawns were the “soul” of chess and his studies often revolved around manipulating and exploiting pawn structures to gain an advantage. He believed that pawns should be used actively to create threats and open lines for other pieces. Kroitor’s chess studies have been widely influential, featured in many chess magazines and books, considered as a valuable source of inspiration for chess enthusiasts and players of all skill levels. His studies are known for their elegance, creativity, and originality. He believed that chess is not just a game of war but also an art form, and was able to create studies that are not just a demonstration of a tactic or strategy but also an expression of beauty and elegance. One of his most famous studies is the “Kroitor’s Mate” which is a beautiful and elegant example of the back-rank mate tactic, considered as a classic and a masterpiece of chess composition and is widely studied by chess enthusiasts and players.

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Oleg Pervakov Chess Study

Oleg Pervakov is a Russian chess player, coach, and author who is considered one of the most innovative chess educators of the 21st century. He is known for his deep understanding of the game and his ability to explain complex concepts in a simple and easy-to-understand way. Pervakov’s approach to chess education emphasizes the importance of understanding pawn structure in chess and how to use it to gain an advantage. He often teaches the tactic of creating a “pawn storm,” which is an attack on the opponent’s king using pawns, in order to force mistakes and create a winning position. Pervakov’s books and articles on chess tactics and strategies are widely respected and continue to be studied by chess players of all levels.

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Richard Reti Chess Study

Richard Reti was a Hungarian-Austrian chess player and study composer known for his creative and challenging chess studies, particularly his use of the “minor piece sacrifice” strategy, where he sacrifices a knight or a bishop to gain a tactical or strategic advantage, particularly effective in the middle game. His studies demonstrate precision and efficiency in setting up and executing this strategy, showing how to create situations where the opponent must accept the sacrifice or face significant loss. Reti also emphasized the importance of piece mobility and often showcased how to use pieces actively to create threats and attack the opponent’s king. He believed that pieces should be actively used to control key squares and limit the opponent’s options. His studies often demonstrate how to use all the pieces of the army to create threats and attack the opponent’s king, and are studied by chess players to improve their understanding of chess and develop their own tactical and strategic abilities.

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Siegbert Tarrasch Chess Study

Siegbert Tarrasch was a German chess player, author and teacher who was influential in the 19th and early 20th century. He was known for his emphasis on understanding fundamental principles of chess such as pawn structure, piece coordination and king safety. He believed that by understanding these principles, players could improve their tactical and strategic abilities. He also stressed the importance of understanding the endgame and his teaching often included the “Tarrasch rule” which states that in an open position, a rook belongs behind a passed pawn, in order to support and protect it, creating a dangerous passed pawn that can generate a significant advantage in the endgame.

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Vasily Platov Chess Study

Vasily Platov is a Russian chess player, coach, and author who is considered one of the most innovative chess educators of the 21st century. He has a successful career as a player, winning several major tournaments and representing Russia in multiple Olympiads. He is also a respected chess coach, known for his emphasis on understanding the psychological aspect of chess and how to use psychological factors to gain an advantage. Platov’s approach to chess education stresses the importance of developing the right mindset and attitude towards the game and the opponent. He uses tactics such as creating psychological traps to take advantage of an opponent’s mental state and create winning positions.

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Vladimir Korolkov Chess Study

Vladimir Korolkov is a Russian chess player, coach, and author who is considered a leading chess educator of the 21st century. He emphasizes the importance of understanding space in chess, and how to use it to gain an advantage. He uses the tactic of creating a space advantage, where a player has more space than their opponent, usually on the side of the board where the king has castled. His books and articles on chess tactics and strategies are widely respected and continue to be studied by chess players of all levels, and his approach to chess education continues to be followed today.

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Yochanan Afek Chess Study

Yochanan Afek is an Israeli chess player and study composer recognized for his inventive and challenging chess studies. He uses the strategy of “zugzwang” where he creates a situation where the opponent is forced to make a move that will weaken their position or even lose the game, particularly effective in the endgame when the opponent’s options are limited. He also emphasizes the importance of pawn structure, believing that pawns are the backbone of chess and his studies often revolve around manipulating and exploiting pawn structures to gain an advantage. He is able to showcase how to use pawns strategically to gain a tactical or positional advantage by creating pawn chains, pawn islands and pawn storms.

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