Chess has a long history in Pennsylvania, with the first known chess club in the state being founded in Philadelphia in 1824. Other early chess clubs in Pennsylvania include the Harrisburg Chess Club, founded in 1839, and the Pittsburgh Chess Club, founded in 1857.
Pennsylvania has produced several notable chess champions over the years, including George G. Barrell, who was the Pennsylvania State Chess Champion in the 1860s, and Samuel Factor, who won the Pennsylvania State Chess Championship in 1891 and 1892. Another notable Pennsylvania chess champion is George Koltanowski, who held the title of Pennsylvania State Chess Champion in the 1930s.
In recent years, Pennsylvania has been home to several successful chess programs and clubs, including the Philadelphia Chess Club, the Pittsburgh Chess Club, the Harrisburg Chess Club, and the Pennsylvania Chess Association, which continue to promote the game and support local chess players. Pennsylvania has also been home to many notable chess players and grandmasters such as Samuel Reshevsky and Samuel Shankland.